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Balcony Garden Ideas For Small Space

by Jack Grover
green potted plants on brown wooden table
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Are you longing to create a lush oasis on your small balcony? Do you dream of transforming your limited outdoor space into a vibrant green haven? 

In this article, we will explore the wonderful world of vertical gardening, which is the perfect solution for maximizing your balcony’s potential. 

With a few tips and tricks, you can easily create a stunning vertical garden that will bring a touch of nature to any cityscape. So put on your gardening gloves and get ready to turn your small balcony into a thriving green oasis.

Key Takeaways

  • Vertical gardening is the perfect way to make the most of your limited area and bring a touch of nature to any cityscape.
  • When selecting plants for your balcony, consider the amount of light your balcony receives. Think about the space you have and select plants accordingly.
  • The amount of water they will need will depend on the type of plants you are growing. Water them daily or several times a week. 
  • Regular pruning and proper spacing will also help ensure a healthy garden, as it encourages plant growth and prevents overcrowding.

What Is Vertical Gardening?

Vertical gardening is a great way to make the most of a small balcony. By taking advantage of the often-overlooked vertical dimension, you can maximize your garden space and create a stunning visual display.

Vertical gardening is a simple and effective technique that offers a plethora of possibilities. It’s easy to get started and can transform a small balcony into a beautiful and productive garden.

some vertical garden setup in living room

Types of Vertical Gardening

Vertical gardening offers various options to maximize small spaces and create a beautiful outdoor oasis. 

One option is a vertical container system, where multiple mini gardens are stacked in a multi-level container. 

Pocket gardening uses hanging pocket-like structures on the wall for individual planting spaces. Wall planters maximize space and add aesthetic appeal. 

Pallet planters provide a rustic touch using wooden pallets and slats. 

Plant shelves transform a blank wall into an eye-catching mural with potted plants at different heights. 

Hanging basket systems create an enchanting waterfall effect in overhead spaces. 

Classic trellises are perfect for supporting vines and climbers on any wall.

Benefits of Vertical Gardening

Vertical gardening is a great way to make the most of your outdoor space. It’s the perfect solution for small areas and can create a stunning and vibrant balcony garden.

One of the main benefits of vertical gardening is the maximization of growing space. By using walls or hanging structures, you can fit many more plants into a smaller area. 

Vertical gardens also provide better air circulation, which helps reduce the risk of pest infestations and diseases.

Additionally, vertical gardening is easy to maintain. You can water, prune, and harvest all at eye level without having to bend down. It’s also a great way to reduce strain on your back and knees.

And lastly, vertical gardening adds a great aesthetic to your balcony, creating a green oasis in an otherwise urban landscape. 

How To Start A Vertical Garden

Creating a vertical garden is simpler than you may think. Start by finding the best spot on your balcony with plenty of sunshine.

Next, select the right planters or containers to mount vertically. Make sure your planters have proper drainage for the plants so they don’t become waterlogged.

When selecting plants, think about how each species grows. Choose trailing or climbing plants that will thrive in a vertical setting. To help the climbing plants grow, use trellises or support structures.

Mix and match plants of various heights, colors, textures, and growth patterns to create a unique, vibrant display.

Suggested Plants In A Vertical Garden

Creating a vertical garden is an excellent way to maximize the amount of plants you can grow in a small space. When selecting plants for your garden, it is important to group them according to their watering and nutrient needs. This will make it easier to maintain them and ensure they receive the care they need.

When deciding which plants to include, be sure to consider their sunlight and shade requirements. Some plants, like tomatoes and cucumbers, require full sun, while others, like mint and lavender, prefer partial shade. 

Placing these plants strategically in your garden can help them reach their full potential. It is also important to consider the plants’ size when deciding where to position them. 

Taller plants, such as tomatoes and beans, should be placed toward the back of the garden to prevent them from overshadowing smaller plants, such as herbs.

With careful planning and consideration, your vertical garden will be a stunning display of vegetables and herbs.

close photo of green plant's leaves

Sunlight And Water

Water and sunlight are critical for the success of a vertical garden. Take the time to observe the sunlight trends on your balcony. Is it mostly in full sun, partial shade, or full shade? This will affect the types of plants you can choose. 

If you have a shaded balcony, don’t worry – there are plenty of low-light plants, herbs, and greens that can still grow well.

The amount of sunlight your balcony receives will also influence how often you need to water your plants. If it’s in full sun, you’ll need to water more often than if it’s in partial or full shade. 

To make watering easier, try using self-watering varieties or add self-watering garden globes to some of your potted plants. Don’t forget to keep a decorative watering can nearby for easy access.

photo of a balcony

Spacing and Pruning

Proper spacing and pruning are important for keeping your balcony garden healthy and vibrant. When it comes to spacing, make sure there is enough room for your plants to breathe. 

Crowding them together may seem like a good idea, but it can lead to poor air circulation and an increased risk of fungal infections and diseases. Consider each plant’s mature size when spacing them out.

Pruning is also essential for balcony gardening. As your plants grow in the limited space, they can quickly become unruly. Regular pruning helps maintain balance, keep your balcony tidy, and ensure the overall health of the plants.

For herbs and greens, the cut-and-come-again method is usually sufficient for harvesting and pruning. Flowering plants may require deadheading to maintain vibrancy and encourage new blooms. 

Reach for the pruning shears and trim any overgrown or encroaching plants to keep them under control. Don’t forget to compost the trimmed parts for sustainability.

small flower garden in front yard of a house


Creating a balcony garden in a small space doesn’t have to be daunting. Vertical gardening is an excellent way to make the most of your limited area and bring nature to any cityscape.

So, put on your gardening gloves, let your creativity flow, and embrace the world of vertical gardening. Your small balcony will be transformed into a lovely garden where you can unwind and enjoy the beauty of nature for years to come.

Don’t forget to enjoy your garden! Relax and take in the beauty of your space. With the right care and attention, your balcony garden will be a source of joy for years to come.

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