How to Grow Artichokes

by Jack Grover
Reading time: 12 min Prefer to listen?

Growing artichokes is a rewarding experience that can provide you with delicious and nutritious produce. 

These large, thistle-like perennial plants not only beautify your outdoor space but also provide you with delicious edible flower buds. 

With their delicate, nut-like flavor, artichokes can elevate any dish to new heights of flavor and sophistication. Plus, they are packed with nutrients like potassium, vitamin C, and dietary fiber, making them a healthy addition to your meals. 

So why not embark on a horticultural journey and start growing artichokes in your own backyard? 

With the right soil, spacing, light, temperature, water, and nutrients, you can successfully cultivate healthy artichoke plants that will produce an abundant harvest.

Get ready to enjoy the fresh, homegrown goodness of artichokes!

Key Takeaways

  • Proper planting methods of artichokes include spacing the plants correctly, choosing the right soil, and providing adequate light, temperature, water, and nutrients.
  • Be aware of potential pests and diseases that can affect your artichoke plants. Take preventive measures and use natural methods to protect them.
  • Don’t be afraid to try different varieties of artichokes to add variety to your garden and culinary creations.
  • Take the time to care for your plants and enjoy the satisfaction of harvesting your own fresh produce.

Introducing Artichokes

If you’re looking to add a touch of elegance and culinary adventure to your garden, why not try growing artichokes? These large, thistle-like perennial plants are a great way to spruce up any outdoor space.

Scientifically known as Cynara cardunculus variety scolymus, artichoke plants produce delicious edible flower buds. They have a delicate, nut-like flavor, and the heart of the immature flower head is considered a culinary delicacy.

To cultivate artichokes successfully, you’ll need to provide them with well-drained soil and full sun exposure. They thrive in mild climates but can also be grown in colder regions with a bit of extra care.

Benefits Of Artichokes

Artichokes are not only delicious, but they are also surprisingly beneficial for your health. These green, spiky vegetables are packed with nutrients and can help you optimize your health in several ways.

Artichokes are also packed with nutrients. They are a rich source of potassium and vitamin C.

Artichokes are also an excellent source of dietary fiber. Eating them regularly can help promote healthy digestion, prevent constipation, and even ward off chronic diseases like heart disease. 

That’s because artichokes contain potent antioxidants like quercetin and rutin, which shield cells from free radical damage.

Moreover, artichokes can also benefit your liver’s health. They have the ability to increase bile production, which helps flush out toxins and improve detoxification processes. 

Additionally, research suggests that artichoke extract may help lower blood sugar levels, making it a great option for people with diabetes or insulin resistance.

Planting Artichokes

Start by planting individual seeds in pots. Use ¼ inch of soil and place the pots in a warm, sunny location. After the seedlings have grown four true leaves, it’s time to harden them off by moving them outside to a protected area.

When planting the seedlings in-ground or in raised beds, make sure the soil is moist and well-draining. Artichokes need plenty of sun to thrive.

With the right preparation and care, you’ll be able to grow your own healthy, delicious artichokes at home. Enjoy the fruits of your labor!

bunch of Artichokes

Photo by mana5280 on Unsplash

Soil And Spacing

Creating a thriving environment for your artichokes starts with the soil and spacing. Artichokes are heavy feeders, so it’s important to amend the soil with well-decomposed compost, worm castings, and other recycled forest materials. This will give them the nutrients they need to grow.

Additionally, artichokes need soil that drains well, as they don’t tolerate soggy conditions. Make sure the soil pH is between 6.5 and 7.0 with a soil test kit or by consulting with your local extension center.

When planting your artichoke transplants outdoors, give them plenty of space. Space plants three to four feet apart in rows that are four to five feet apart. This ensures each plant has room to grow and develop.

By providing the right soil amendments and adequate spacing, you’ll give your artichokes the best chance to thrive in your garden.

Light And Temperature

Light and temperature are both essential for healthy and productive artichoke plants in your garden. To ensure the best growth, choose a sunny spot that receives full sunlight for 6-8 hours each day. 

This will provide the ideal conditions for photosynthesis, which is necessary for the plant’s energy and nutrient production.

In hotter climates, partial shade in the afternoon can also be beneficial. This will protect the artichokes from intense heat and provide a balance between sunlight and temperature. 

It is important to find a spot that keeps the plants healthy and productive without over-exposing them to direct sunlight.

With the right location, you can create the perfect conditions for your artichoke plants to thrive. By combining enough sunlight for optimal growth with cooler temperatures, you can ensure that they are healthy and productive in your garden.

Water And Nutrients

Water and nutrients are essential for healthy artichoke plants. To keep them thriving, ensure that you provide them with ample water throughout the growing season. 

Water deeply and consistently, especially in dry periods, to prevent the plants from drying out and producing lackluster fruits.

Organic fertilizers and compost can also help your plants stay strong and steady. Side-dressing your plants with compost as they grow will supply them with essential nutrients. 

Additionally, adding organic mulch to your garden beds will not only prevent weed germination but also conserve moisture in the soil. This will ensure that your artichoke plants get the water and nutrients they need without competition from weeds.

Following these tips, you can ensure that your artichoke plants remain healthy and productive. With the right care and attention, you can enjoy fresh artichokes for many years to come.

small Artichokes

Photo by Shelley Pauls on Unsplash

Pests And Diseases

Artichoke plants can be susceptible to common garden pests like aphids and slugs. To protect your plants, it’s best to use natural methods.

One way to tackle aphids is to spray them off with a quick burst of water from the hose. This will knock them off and stop them from coming back. 

Alternatively, you can plant trap crops like nasturtiums nearby, which will attract aphids away from your artichokes.

Growing artichokes in raised beds or containers will keep slugs at bay. This will stop them from coming into contact with the ground. 

To trap slugs, bury a pie plate in the soil, making sure the rim is flush with the surface. Then fill the plate with beer. Slugs will be attracted to the beer but won’t be able to escape, reducing their numbers and protecting your artichokes.

Harvesting Artichokes

Harvesting artichokes at the right time is essential to enjoying their delicious and tender hearts. When to harvest depends on when you planted them. 

If you planted in the spring, you can expect to harvest from mid-summer to the fall. In warmer climates, you can expect to harvest in the spring if you planted in the fall.

It’s important to pick artichokes before they begin to bloom. Look for buds that are about 3-4 inches in diameter. When you find a suitable bud, use pruning shears to make an angled cut around three to four inches below the base of the flower. The stem closest to the flower contains a tender heart at its core, so harvesting it this way will ensure you get the most out of it.

Remember, it’s the petalled flower you are aiming to gather.

Suggested Varieties

Grow your own artichokes this year! With different varieties to choose from, you’ll have an array of flavors and colors to enjoy.

  • The ‘Green Globe’ is a popular choice for many gardeners. It produces large, round artichokes with a delicious flavor that is perfect for cooking.
  • The ‘Imperial Star’ is ideal for those who want quick results, as it can produce artichokes in the first year of planting.
  • The ‘Violetto’ artichoke stands out with its beautiful purple color and slightly sweeter taste. This variety adds aesthetic appeal to any dish.

No matter which variety you choose, growing artichokes is a rewarding and enjoyable experience. So why not give it a go this year?


Growing artichokes is a rewarding and enjoyable experience. By dedicating patience and care to your artichokes, you will be able to reap the rewards of your hard work.

Once your artichokes are ready to be harvested, you can experience the joy of tasting your own homegrown produce. Try experimenting with different varieties to add variety to your garden and to your culinary creations.

Gardening can be a fun and rewarding activity, and growing artichokes is no exception. With the right care and attention, you can enjoy the delicious taste of your own homegrown artichokes. Happy gardening!

Was it helpful?

Thanks for your feedback!

You may also like

Leave a Comment

About Us

Inside The Yard is your go-to source for all things lawn and garden, offering expert advice for every corner of your outdoor space, from tractor troubleshooting to the best rose-planting tips, all wrapped up in the nation’s fastest-growing garden blog.

Latest Articles